Brazilian Jiu Jitsu

 

 

 

Brazilian Jiu Jitsu

is one of the fastest growing combat sports in the world. BJJ was original derived from Japanese Jiu Jitsu, or Judo, techniques.  

In 1917, traveling Japanese judoka, Mitsuyo Maeda, began teaching Carlos Gracie, and his Brazilian brothers, Kodokan Judo. Judo’s primary focus is on throwing techniques, which youngest of the brothers, Hélio, struggled with due to his size. The brothers began modifying the self-defense system to better suit those who were defending against larger opponents; thus, Brazilian Jiu Jitsu was born. 

Although Brazilian Jiu Jitsu’s beginnings came from Judo, it has since become much more restrictive in nature and much more prevalent. In 1972, The Gracie family brought Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, or as they called it “Gracie Jiu Jitsu,” to the United States. In 1993, the Ultimate Fighting Championship or UFC was co-founded by Art Davie, John Milius, and Rorion Gracie. Jiu Jitsu first gained its traction, when Royce Gracie won the first, second, and fourth Ultimate Fighting Championships. Royce’s success was directly attributed to his Jiu-Jitsu techniques, which allowed him to defeat several larger opponents.  Since then, Jiu Jitsu has become one of the most basic trainings in MMA and has exposed the world to the techniques and benefits of ground fighting.  

Achieving the dominant position, while fighting on the ground, is one of BJJ’s most notable hallmarks. With its emphasis on leverage techniques, Jiu Jitsu is one of the most beneficial self-defense disciplines for those of smaller statures. This makes it an attractive combat technique for women, children, and people of all ages.  

Due to its popularity in UFC, Jiu Jitsu has also become a very popular combat sport for athletes alike. The techniques learned from this discipline are said to benefit students both mentally and physically. With maneuvers used to focus more on strategy than strength, its practices are known for evoking feelings of confidence and overall wellness. It has also been cited as one of the martial art disciplines that creates a sense of community within its students.  

Some of the Primary Ground Positions include: 

  • Side Control or Side Mount 
  • Knee on Belly Position or Knee-on-Stomach 
  • Full Mount 
  • Back Mount 
  • North South Position 
  • Guards 

Some Submissions include: 

  • Compression Locks 
  • Joint Locks 
  • Chokes 

The grading system in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is similar to those following the judo ranking system. Each practitioner is awarded a different colored belt, as different levels of technique and practical skill are achieved. As BJJ has evolved, so has its ranking system, with divisions between youth and adult belts as well as in the stripe/degree system. Demonstration of competitive skill for each advancement in ranking, is still a standard practice.  

Unlike other martial arts, such as Taekwondo and Karate, a black belt in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu take several years of practice to earn. This belt widely symbolizes expert level in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu and takes an estimated 10-12 years to achieve.  

In closing, Brazilian Jiu Jitsu has grown and evolved significantly since its inception in the early 1900s. Today, it is one of the most prevalent and fastest growing disciplines in martial arts. With its emphasis on self-defense techniques, as well as it is roots in the Ultimate Fighting Championship, Brazilian Jiu Jitsu has truly taken the fitness world by storm.  

Contact us today to learn more about this revolutionary discipline and its many physical and mental benefits.  

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